Editor's note: For a long time, labor-intensive enterprises are an important channel for China to solve employment and increase exports. Some market participants believe that under the background of a fundamental shift in the international market situation within one to two years, how to resolve the difficulties encountered by labor-intensive enterprises and find a way out for them, especially SMEs, in the process of industrial upgrading and transformation are pending. Crack important topics.
Since the financial crisis this year, smaller, more and more urgent, shorter and shorter international market orders are forming â€œechoesâ€ with the changing supply and demand situation in the domestic labor market, which has made the majority of labor-intensive enterprises in China suffer. Not only does it affect the profitability of enterprises, but it also makes it difficult to sustain the traditional pattern of employment. In some eastern regions, there is also a labor market situation where the proportion of temporary workers is increasing and the foreman is getting more and more active.
For a long time, labor-intensive enterprises are an important channel for China to solve employment and increase exports. Some market participants believe that under the background of a fundamental shift in the international market situation within one to two years, how to resolve the difficulties encountered by labor-intensive enterprises and find a way out for them, especially SMEs, in the process of industrial upgrading and transformation are pending. Crack important topics.
Chinese companies are on the defensive
Shoes, bags, sewing machines... Counting up fingers, China has at least dozens of kinds of light industrial products and export volume both ranked first in the world. Take shoes as an example. Last year, China exported more than 8 billion pairs of shoes, quite In order to produce a pair of shoes for everyone in the world.
Behind these industries is a large number of labor-intensive enterprises in the East, Central, and West Regions of China. Over the years, relying on multiple labor factors such as low labor costs and a complete industrial chain, these companies have long won stable and large international orders, and they have also formed a relatively stable production and business model, occupying a pivotal position in the global industrial chain.
However, this industrial model is experiencing the impact of the rapidly changing international market caused by the financial crisis. The feature of this shock is that international orders have become sharply smaller, shorter, and shorter.
Due to shrinking demand, international orders are getting smaller and smaller. In this session of the Canton Fair, designers of Shandong Caopu Technology Co., Ltd., which is engaged in the export of wood products, rattan and furniture, said that a European customer of the company had also placed orders for 100 containers last year worth more than 10 million yuan. It became two containers with a total value of less than 200,000 yuan; Chen He from the export department of Quanzhou Shunmei Group Co., Ltd. in Fujian Province said that nearly 70% of orders received by enterprises this year are small and medium singles ranging from 20,000 to 30,000 U.S. dollars. "The operating pressure is particularly great."
Affected by exchange rate fluctuations, international orders are getting shorter and shorter. A person in charge of daily-use porcelain companies said that in the past, customers were able to place orders from February to July. â€œNow, considering that the *** is constantly going up, the next order is only one or two months old. The order has almost disappeared."
Affected by market fluctuations, international orders are also getting more and more urgent. Export companies generally reflect that this year, the European debt crisis and the US debt crisis have exhibited explosive characteristics. The market conditions in many countries are unstable, which has caused developed country customers to place orders â€œfor a whileâ€ and â€œsometimes hates to place orders for you today. He will be shipped to him tomorrow, and the sales will be quickly repatriated. This will make the order become more and more chr (34) urgently chr (34)."
The changes in traditional employment face â€œshort and urgentâ€ orders, and the impact on Chinaâ€™s labor-intensive enterprises is not just the reduction of profits. The traditional employment situation has also changed.
First, the contrast between the light and busy seasons of the employment of enterprises is increasing. Chen He said that due to the shrinking of orders, the company's annual employment has been reduced by 30% compared with last year. "The previous quarter's share was 1 to 2, and this year it has degraded to 1 to 3, and the number of workers used is at least 100." A metal toy product company said that the number of workers employed by the company has been reduced from 1,000 before the crisis to 300, "almost at the time of the off-season."
Second, the proportion of temporary workers in enterprises in the eastern part of the country is increasing. Lin Yipeng, general manager of Fujian Minmaite Minmetals Co., Ltd., said that for many labor-intensive enterprises, hiring temporary workers had changed due to the financial crisis, â€œbut now chr(34) short urgent chr(34) orders too More often than not, the pressure for temporary adjustment of employment by enterprises is increasing, and the market for temporary workers has become more active."
In addition, due to changes in orders, some areas have also seen a trend of â€œworkers with more and more busyâ€. Quanzhou Quangang Arts & Crafts Co., Ltd. Cao Jianhui said that with the active market for temporary workers, there has been a â€œforeman industryâ€ in the local area. â€œThe foreman often brings in a group of skilled workers and looks for employers to negotiate and seek job opportunities. This has formed an industrial agglomeration. Zhao Jun, deputy general manager of Shunde Tianyou Industrial Co., Ltd. of Foshan City, said that in the Pearl River Delta area, furniture companies mainly obtain labor through the labor market and contract labor foreman, "the proportion of the latter in the current order and production situation." Higher and higher."
The industry should actively face relevant parties that the â€œshort and urgentâ€ orders cause labor shocks, reflecting the fact that the development of traditional labor-intensive industries in China is facing a test of survival.
Liu Zhouqun said that from the current point of view, the temporary employment and liquidity of enterprises have not yet caused fatal effects on SMEs, but overall, it also reflects that these labor-intensive enterprises, especially SMEs, lack the need to calm fluctuations. Ability.
â€œThe competitiveness of low-end and mid-tier companies is weak. They cannot afford to open or are unwilling to open high wages. Orders that remain in the chr(34) short-term chr(34) state are not necessarily conducive to their development, because the current market preference allows for commodity prices. Keep a stable big company," he said.
Responsible for the difficulties faced by labor-intensive enterprises, the relevant person in charge of the China Light Industry and Commerce Association said at the Canton Fair that the relatively low cost of labor in China is an objective fact. To expand employment and promote economic growth through export development is a long-term policy.
To this end, experts from the chamber of commerce suggested that we should actively reduce the burden on enterprises, clean up disguised charges against companies, and rules and regulations that are not conducive to corporate exports, and enhance the ability of enterprises to accept exchange rate policy adjustments; at the same time, actively promote industrial transformation and upgrading, open up the domestic market, and establish The smooth market mechanism in the field of domestic and foreign trade.
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